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珊瑚礁生物繁養殖
研究計劃資料
計畫名稱 : 珊瑚礁生物繁養殖
研究人員 : 呂明毅(計劃主持人)、張文炳、孟培傑、張桂祥、韓僑權
子計畫 :
1. 珊瑚礁魚類自然產卵與種苗生產研究 (呂明毅)
2. 格氏異翼鰕虎繁養殖 (張文炳)
3. 水族館展示缸水質監測、評估及管理 (孟培傑)
4. 生態養殖法在水族館的應用-比較不同營養鹽濃度對仔魚存活之影響 (張桂祥)
5. 展場溪流魚類及洄游蝦類之繁養殖研究 (韓僑權)

計劃說明 :
本研究的長遠目標是發展水產養殖技術來飼養珊瑚礁魚類及迴游型觀賞魚蝦,以增進吾人瞭解其生態需求,進而保育稀有及瀕危的物種,並可降低自然族群的採捕壓力。將以控制營養鹽比例的方式,讓不同的浮游藻生長,以篩選不同的浮游動物作為餌料生物,達到增加珊瑚礁魚類的稚魚存活機率。本計畫針對養殖之各水質因子加以監測,包括溫度、鹽度、溶氧、pH值、濁度與營養鹽等養殖環境等,該等水質因子是否適當,均是為成功培育魚苗之重要條件。海水水質監測模式結果可以提供適合魚苗養殖水質基本條件之建議及試驗,以建立種苗生產模式。希望能了解仔稚魚適合生長環境之水文特性,以作為養殖環境條件之依據且能隨時監控,當得到這些背景資料並經整合之後,進一步改善養殖環境,以便日後提供海水觀賞魚及迴游型觀賞魚蝦繁養殖環境的參考及學術研究。此外,全球各地有許多大型水族館展示珊瑚礁魚類,而這些魚類在展示缸中也經常會交配產卵。然而,這些魚卵通常都沒有被利用且被忽略。因此,本實驗即利用水族館展示缸中所生產的珊瑚礁魚卵,以無機營養鹽施肥法來飼養仔魚,並與傳統的餵食輪虫的方法比較。結果顯示無機營養鹽施肥法的確比餵食輪虫的方法更能讓仔魚渡過初開口攝食的階段,而這方法也許能讓水族館達到永續經營的目標,大大減少野外捕捉的壓力。

研究成果 :
呂明毅 (2012) 海水魚類的繁養殖。愛與新生:海洋生物的繁衍特展專刊(蕭美足編輯), 國立海洋生物博物館, 屏東, pp.55-59.
呂明毅*、孫于琁、孟培傑 (2011) 海水神仙魚人工繁殖的奧秘. 國立海洋生物博物館技術叢書19, 國立海洋生物博物館, 屏東, 124 pp.
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